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# AR# 44586

## Description

The \$clog2 function returns the ceiling of the logarithm to the base e (natural logarithm)rather than the ceiling of the logarithm to the base 2.

Here is a sample Verilog code that uses the \$clog2 function,

module tb;
parameter A = \$clog2(325);
endmodule

When 13.2 XST synthesizes the above piece of Verilog,it generatesa value 6 for A instead of an expected value of 9, which is actually the ceiling of log2(325).

## Solution

The XST parser of ISE 13.2design tools supports Verilog-2001, therefore,customers will not be able to get a proper outputfor \$clog2 function. The Math function \$clog2 was incorporated starting from Verilog-2005 (IEEE 1364-2005). Before that, clog2 could be realized as a Constant Function in Verilog 2001. Following is a samplefunction that can be used insteadfor the \$clog2 function to get a proper output:

function integer clog2;
input integer value;
begin
value = value-1;
for (clog2=0; value>0; clog2=clog2+1)
value = value>>1;
end
endfunction

The above sample Verilog code with use of this function willnow become as follows:

module tb;
parameter A = clog2(325);

function integer clog2;
input integer value;
begin
value = value-1;
for (clog2=0; value>0; clog2=clog2+1)
value = value>>1;
end
endfunction
endmodule

This issue has been fixed as part of the 14.1 XST release. Also, It is in the road map to support System Verilog, which isa superset of Verilog-2005 using Xilinx tools and would include all advanced functionsmentioned in theLRM.

AR# 44586
Date 12/15/2012
Status Active
Type General Article
Tools
• ISE Design Suite - 13.2