Cutomizing and Generating the Core in Vitis Integrated Design Environment (IDE)

The Vitis™ embedded software development flow has the following two methods to generate the core:

  1. GUI Flow
  2. Command Flow

It is recommended to use the command flow, as it is more convenient and flexible. If you want to use the GUI flow, see the tutorial here.

The DPU build process is shown in the following figure:
Figure 1: DPU Build Process
The following definitions describe the command flow and the process of using the DPU IP with the Vitis libraries:
Makefile and other scripts
The DPU kernel is independently compiled to a Xilinx object (.xo) file. It is compiled using the package_xo utility. The RTL kernel wizard in the Vitis environment can be used to simplify this process. The .xo file is linked with the hardware platform (shell) to create the FPGA binary (.xclbin). The v++ compiler automatically uses the Vivado® Design Suite tools to build the kernels to run on the FPGA platform.

The Makefile and the other scripts are present in the Vitis DPU TRD.

Configure DPU Parameters
You can modify the Vitis-AI/DPU-TRD/prj/Vitis/dpu_conf.vh file to configure the DPU parameters. See Product Specification for more details on the DPU parameters.
Select the DPU hardware architecture from the following:: B512, B800, B1024, B1600, B2304, B3136, and B4096. For the B4096, the definition is as follows:
`define B4096
UltraRAM Number
Modfiy the dpu_config.vh file to set the numbers. Enable `define URAM_ENABLE and `define URAM_DISABLE.
When UltraRAM is enabled, set the following parameters:
  • 'define def_UBANK_IMG_N 5
  • 'define def_UBANK_WGT_N 17
  • 'define def_UBANK_BIAS 1
There are some recommended UltraRAM numbers for different architectures. You can also adjust the numbers according to the resource usage of the entire project.
Table 1. Recommended UltraRAM Numbers
B512 B800 B1024 B1152 B1600 B2304 B3136 B4096
U_BANK_IMG 2 2 4 2 4 4 4 5
U_BANK_WGT 9 11 9 13 11 13 15 17
U_BANK_BIAS 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
RAM Usage
RAM usage high - `define RAM_USAGE_HIGH

RAM usage low - `define RAM_USAGE_LOW

Channel Augmentation


Enable - `define DWCV_ENABLE

Disable - `define DWCV_DSIABLE

Enable - `define POOL_AVG_ENABLE

Disable - `define POOL_AVG_DISABLE

There are four options of RELU type, they are:
If you want to use the RELU+LeakyRelu+ReLU6, define like the following:
DSP Usage
High - `define DSP48_USAGE_HIGH

Low - `define DSP48_USAGE_LOW

Low Power Mode
Enable - `define LOWPOWER_ENABLE

Disable - `define LOWPOWER_DISABLE

Device Configuration
Support MPSOC - `define MPSOC

Support ZYNQ - `define ZYNQ7000

Set the DPU Number
The number of DPU cores is set to 1 by default. Add the [connectivity] property to configure the DPU number as follows:

The project will integrate two DPUs.

Specify Connectivity for DPU Ports
Specify the connectivity to the various ports in the system for the DPU. Add the [connectivity] property to configure the DPU ports.
Use the following command to check the ports of platform:
% platforminfo -p zcu102_base/zcu102_base.xpfm
Figure 2: Platform Information

If the platform does not have enough ports to connect to all the ports of the DPU, then the ports can be shared.

Add the [connectivity] property to specify the DPU ports as follows:


The project may have timing issues. You can add the [vivado] property to configure the Vivado implementation strategy.


The Vivado implementation step will use the Performance_Explore strategy.