The problem could be related to the read/write permissions of the tools/user.
synopsys_sim.setup is a file from the Synopsys installation in which all of the Default Simulation env variables and parameters are defined.
During the compilation task, Vivado makes a copy of this file at the beginning of the process and adds the compiled libraries at the bottom of the file (library mapping).
Once the files is created/copied in the working directory for compilation, the Vivado compilation tool starts to write to the directory where the libraries have been compiled.
If this file is not present or can not be created, then the process fails with the error message above.
A work-around is to copy the "Synopsys_sim.setup" file from the Synopsis installation to the working directory and the tool will append the library mappings.